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Surface Production Operations (PRO06)


    This course will cover the basic concepts and techniques necessary to design, specify and manage oil and gas field surface production facilities. It provides a clear understanding of the equipment and processes used in common separation, gas condensate, oil and water treatment and the selection of piping and pumping systems.

    Course Level: Basic
    Instructor: Wolfram Kleinitz

    Designed for you, if you are...

    • A production or facility engineer, project manager, production chemist, a member of field operational staff currently or potentially involved in natural gas or oil production operations
    • A professional seeking a modern overview of sustainable improvements in the gas / oil production process

    How we build your confidence

    The course focuses on practical onsite experience. Case histories and practical examples will be subdivided into the following sections: System description, theoretical background, modern monitoring and control systems, weaknesses in treatment systems and the aspects of “over-engineering”.

    The benefits from attending

    By the end of the course you will feel confident in your understanding of:

    • Gas, oil and water properties and their physicochemical behaviour
    • Oil: Chemical crude oil composition and their characteristics, biochemical tracers, viscosity, temperature and pressure behaviour
    • Treated water: Formation water and chemical composition, impact of total dissolved solids (TDS), solubility of organics in water and vice versa, impact of oxygen on produced and injection water, impact of heavy metallic components in formation water
    • Gas processing and modern gas dehydration units, operational guidelines and troubleshooting in TEG units
    • Condensate and oil processing and transport including oil / water emulsions and their destabilisation
    • How to determine water quality for reinjection with focus on rest oil and suspended solids
    • How to analyse retention time and apply tracer tests in treatment units
    • Tanks and their interior fittings, coalescer, flotation unit and hydrocyclons as well as sand filter, backwash filter, clarifier, bag vs. cartridge filter
    • The main reasons for non-effective treatment plants
    • Different types of production chemicals, mode of action and undesirable side effects
    • Corrosion in surface production units, guidelines on material selection and inhibitor screening and testing
    • The occurrence of organic scales (asphaltenic, paraffinic and naphthenates) in surface units and pipelines including pigging guidelines
    • SRB activity and its impact on (H2S) and scale (FeS2) formation
    • How to apply production chemicals in operation units (dosage calculation)


    • Gas, oil and water properties and their physicochemical behaviour
      - PVT description, solubility, vapour pressure, viscosity, total dissolved solids
      - Appraisal of different available PVT and scale formation programmes
      - Interpretation of gas, water and oil analysis
      - Sampling recommendations and skills for special lab analysis
    • Surface production processing
      - Gas processing and specification for sales
      - Oil processing and their specification for transport and sales
      - Water quality for reinjection with focus on rest oil and suspended solids
      - Selection of chokes and valves for operation
      - Flow regimes in oil and gas production
    • Gas / condensate separation and treatment
      - Treatment process for NG at different wellhead pressure stages
      - Structure and functioning of the different units
      - Impact of foam formation on treatment efficiency
      - Dehydration unit and operational guidelines, troubleshooting for TEG units
      - Surface facilities for gas storage and gas production fields
      - Halite formation in stabilised condensate
      - Treatment of H2S containing gas at low and high concentration
      - Processes to eliminate H2S and operate below specification limits
    • Treatment units and their efficiency
      - First step separation: Horizontal vs. vertical three-phase separator
      - Treatment: Tanks and their interior fittings, coalescer, flotation unit etc.
      - Post treatment: Sand filter, backwash filter, clarifier, bag vs. cartridge filter
      - Central injection station (HP) vs. low-pressure lines and HP pump at injector
      - Impact and control of retention time distribution in treatment units
      - Recommendation for tracers to elucidate weaknesses in the system
      - Main reasons for non-effective treatment plants
      - Recommendations for monitoring systems in daily operation
    • Impact of production chemicals on treatment
      - Types of production chemicals, mode of action, undesirable side effects (incompatibility)
      - Hydraulic impact on emulsion formation and stability
      - Guidelines for emulsifiers application
      - Corrosion in surface production systems, inhibitor screening and testing
      - Material selection (units and pipelines) and practical guidelines
      - Sludge formation during operation in tanks and separators
      - Recommendation for cleaning processes in treatment units
    • Scale formation in surface production units
      - Occurrence of organic scales: Asphaltenic, paraffinic and naphthenates
      - Formation of inorganic scale: Sulphate, carbonate and other inorganic depositions
      - Screening and evaluation of scale predicting programs
      - NORM scale (low radioactive), HSE aspects and handling guidelines
      - SRB activity and their impact on H2S and scale (FeSx) formation
      - Dewpoint measurements and benchmarking of different devices

    Customer Feedback

    "Valuable information clearly presented." - Engineer at Zakum Development Company (ZADCO)
    "The course covered different aspects of production chemistry" - Engineer at Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil Operations (ADCO)




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